Bomber force prepares to test B-52 bomber upgrade for smart weapons

EDWARDS AIR FORCE BASE, Calif. — Since the Air Force’s decision in 2013 to increase the B-52H bomber fleet’s effectiveness and versatility by increasing the aircraft’s smart weapons capacity by more than 50 percent, teams from Tinker Air Force Base, Oklahoma; Boeing and now Edwards have partnered to begin developmental testing on the “Buff’s” newest upgrade.

This new upgrade comes in the form of a Conventional Rotary Launcher, which members from the 419th Flight Test Squadron, the Global Power Bomber Combined Test Force and Boeing installed on an Edwards B-52H in December 2014.

“The upgrade modifies the internal weapons bay of the B-52H bomber by integrating a CRL that has the capability of carrying Military Standard 1760 ‘smart weapons,’ ” said Jeff Lupton, Boeing 1760 program manager.

This upgrade is essential because it increases weapons capability on the external wing stations of the B-52H while adding the smart weapons capability for the first time to the bomb bay, according to the Boeing test team.

“One of the benefits of the 1760 upgrade is it brings a lot of capability to the B-52 we don’t currently have on the aircraft,” said Capt. Ryan Hefron, a B-52 test pilot at the 419 FLTS. “We weren’t able to carry smart weapons inside the bomb bay, but, now, with the new CRL, we’ll be able to carry Joint Direct Attack Munitions with the first increment. and with future increments, we’ll be able to carry Joint Air-to-Surface Standoff Missiles and Miniature Air Launched Decoys.”

Lupton added: “Adding smart weapons capability to the internal weapons bay of the B-52H allows the bomber to respond with accuracy and flexibility to the warfighter’s needs in real time. The upgrade adds capability while remaining affordable by adapting existing technology for use in the weapons bay. By providing smart weapons capability in the bay, the bomber can be employed in a clean wing configuration, (meaning) no weapons on the external pylons, thus increasing its range and loiter time.”

According to Hefron, the increased carriage of smart weapons would allow the B-52 to engage targets more precisely compared with the unguided bombs currently approved for bay carriage.

“By being able to integrate smart weapons in the bay, we can prosecute more targets, more precisely, while minimizing collateral damage,” Hefron said. “It will allow us to perform direct attack, provide close air support for our Army brethren on the ground and be able to execute our overall mission more effectively and efficiently. With future increments, our strategic attack capability — which is the cornerstone of the B-52 —will be enhanced by being able to perform long-range strikes and carry smart weapons in the bay.”

At the conclusion of the upgrade, all B-52H’s will be modified with this unique capability and the aircraft will be available for employment by Air Force combatant commanders, said Lupton.

Lupton added there are several stages of testing included with the hardware and software modifications. The final stage of the upgrade will include approximately 10 test flights to verify the B-52H’s upgraded capability.

“The test team, including Boeing and Edwards AFB personnel, will first conduct a series of ground tests to include Timeline Integration and Electromagnetic Interference Checks,” Lupton said. “After the data analysis and review is complete, we will conduct a series of flight tests to include live weapon releases.” 

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